A population of almost 100 million live on an area of about 70,000 square miles. Please try again later. MONITORING POPULATION EVOLUTION IN THE PEARL RIVER DELTA FROM 2000 TO 2010 . The Pearl River Delta (or PRD) is in Guangdong province, China.It is a bustling region with massive manufacturing and trade. So how many of us are being watched? Between 2000 and 2010, the Pearl River Delta’s urban spaces—defined as areas where the built environment covered more than 50 percent of the landscape in a given pixel—had expanded from 4,500 square kilometers to 7,000 square kilometers. China’s Pearl River Delta has surpassed Tokyo in both size and population, making it the largest urban area in the world, according to the World Bank. View the high resolution version of today’s graphic by clicking here. As surveillance networks become more sophisticated and granular, there is increasing concern about breaches to personal freedoms. The port of Jiangmen was known as Kong-Moon when it was forced to open to western trade in 1902. I've seen estimates for the region of 60-120 million and I think these unofficial residents account for the bulk of the discrepancy in the guess work. It is responsible for 26.8% of the country’s exports, making it third in trade after the United States and Germany, according to the Yearbook. ac. This technology is integral to China’s proposed social points system. Rare earth deposits exist all over the planet, but the majority of the world’s rare earth metals are produced and refined in China. The report further indicates that the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Jing-Jin-Ji area account for over 40% of China’s national economic output. KEY WORDS: DMSP/OLS, Population Spatialization, Time … A case in point comes from 2010 when China reduced its rare earth export quotas by 37%, which in part resulted in skyrocketing rare earth prices worldwide. In most instances, cameras are in a fixed position—and some of the more invasive aspects of CCTV, like accompanying facial recognition technology, are not universal yet. Pearl River Delta: China’s Biggest Economic Hub. This massive urban agglomeration is located in Guangdong, a province in Southern China. At the close of the 20th century, Hong Kong was the undisputed economic powerhouse of the region. The region is a major manufacturing center with an economy the size of Taiwan’s. A 2015 report concluded that, if taken as a single urban area, the zone is the largest such area in the world in both area and population. In the middle is the Yangtze River Delta region which includes Shanghai and has a population of 130 million and GDP of $2 trillion. In India, on the other hand, the amount of cameras can be attributed to mass urbanization, rising crime, and scarcity of urban resources. With upwards of 100 million people living along the Pearl River Delta, it is one of the largest urban areas in the world. Given these figures, the putative PRD population may appear strong enough to resist demographic stochasticity and environmental pressures. The city has an ongoing renewal project which has restored many of these buildings. Between 2000 and 2010, the Pearl River Delta’s urban spaces—defined as areas where the built environment covered more than 50 percent of the landscape in a given pixel—had expanded from 4,500 square kilometers to 7,000 square kilometers. (In 2010, Tokyo had a population of about 32 million people and covered about 5,600 square kilometers.) 1 Geography of Pearl River Delta; 2 Canton – Guangdong (广东) explanation; 3 How to explore Pearl River Delta; 4 The cities of the Pearl River Delta Region. Rahul Jacob, 30 November 2011, Talk is cheap in the world’s factory, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, United Nations Human Settlements Programme, Pearl River Delta Metropolitan Region intercity railway, World Bank Report Provides New Data to Help Ensure Urban Growth Benefits the Poor, "UN report: World's biggest cities merging into 'mega-regions, "Labor shortage to affect Pearl River Delta hardest", "Achievements, challenges in China's Pearl River Delta plan", https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-16161764, http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/3fe09222-19cf-11e1-9888-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2p3wRsHjJ, "How Hong Kong's poorer workers can gain from Greater Bay Area", China to create largest mega city in the world with 42 million people, "Heavy metals in agricultural soils of the Pearl River Delta, South China", World Bank loans China $96 mln for delta environment, Guangzhou contributes 48.6 bln yuan to clean up Pearl River, "Greenpeace welcomes Guangdong's move to blacklist 20 polluting companies", "Working towards confident spaceborne monitoring of carbon emissions from cities using Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2", The integration of the city-region of the Pearl River Delta, Economic profile for the Pearl River Delta, Images from Scientific Visualisation Studio at NASA, Yangtze River Midstream (Yangtze River Valley), Sub-provincial cities as provincial capitals, Template:Administrative divisions of Taiwan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pearl_River_Delta&oldid=998993832, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Also known to many English speakers as Canton, Guangzhou is the capital of, Zhuhai plays a similar role to Shenzhen and became the first of the, Foshan is an old town dated back many centuries. Accurate numbers are really tough to come by anyway, since there are regulations guiding internal migration and the Pearl River Delta is the major manufacturing hub, so lots of people live there unofficially and may not be counted. Shenzhen was an unassuming town of 30,000 people – with only one functioning taxi – and China was still very much a communist, rural country. As well as the delta itself, the term Pearl River Delta refers to the dense network of cities that covers nine prefectures of the province of Guangdong, namely Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Foshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing, and the SARs of Hong Kong and Macau. Since the world’s first CCTV camera was installed in Germany in 1942, the number of surveillance cameras around the world has grown immensely. Overall, there is a rising middle class that wishes to protect itself with the use of CCTV cameras. The eastern side of the PRD … Although the government has agreed in spirit to maintain the city’s autonomy until 2047, recent actions suggest an eagerness to integrate the entire region into a seamless megacity. As the visualization above, by Time Out Hong Kong, demonstrates, the sleepy Pearl River Delta was on the cusp of an unprecedented growth spurt that would see cities expand and merge to become the largest contiguous urban region in the world. Therefore, even rare earths mined overseas are sent to China for final processing. The effect of urbanization and climate change on the mosquito population in the Pearl River Delta … Increasing rare earth mining outside of China has reduced China’s global share of mining, down from 97.7% in 2010 to 62.9% in 2019. At the close of the 20th century, Hong Kong was the undisputed economic powerhouse of the region. Beijing ranks in tenth place. Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China –(yuss2017, liufang, zhangzx)@radi. http://water.greenpeace.org.cn The Pearl River Delta, the the world's factory floor of a million products. The Pearl River networks partly overlap with the most densely populated and economically developed region in the Pearl River delta Economic Zone. China’s Pearl River Delta has overtaken Tokyo to become the world’s largest urban area in both size and population, according to a report from the World Bank. London is the only non-Asian city to crack the list with 399 CCTV cameras per square kilometer. Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Beijing in China, Sao Paulo in Brazil) 127 cities (15.1%) from … Use inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to detect the c … 1. Ciara Walker, Jim Sheerin, Weibin Xu, Francis Au and Diane Legge-Kemp from Arcadis discuss how investment in advanced infrastructure is creating the world’s first ‘megalopolis’. On the other side of the world, Japan is making efforts to reduce China’s share of its total rare earth imports to less than 50% by 2025. New North American refining facilities are being set up to tackle this, but the challenge lies in managing the environmental impacts of processing rare earths. Mapped: Which Countries Have the Worst Air Pollution? China is doubling down with surveillance in its cities by pioneering the usage and exportation of facial recognition technology. The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses nearly 7000 square kilometers, 0.07 percent of China, with a population of 22 million people, 3.1 percent of the 2010 population of mainland China. A very unique demographic blending is taking place in the area with a particularly young, dynamic and open to the world population. Economically and linguistically, the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau — located on opposite sides of the mouth of the Pearl — are very much part of the PRD. While governments like China’s claim that having high amounts of surveillance cameras helps reduce crime, the actual data gets messy. the Pearl River Delta to the mountainous area of northern Guangdong Province, South China (Figure1). Ultimately, the large majority of rare earth refining, 80%, resides in China. Can China keep its workers happy as strikes and protests rise?. 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Since then, the Pearl River Delta area has become an unavoidable aspect of China rocketing economy: one-third of all exported goods from China are made in the Delta which represents only 1% of China total surface area. 340 cities (40.4%) from upper-middle-income countries (e.g. It is considered one of the world's most complicated river networks and the density of channel length, which is the distance from one junction to another junction in river networks, is 0.68–1.07 km/km 2 . China’s Pearl River Delta has overtaken Tokyo to become the world’s largest urban area in both size and population, according to a report from the World Bank. One physical manifestation of Mainland China’s push for an integrated region is the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge. The Pearl River Delta (PRD), Zhu Jiang Delta or Zhusanjiao, in Guangdong province of China, is the low-lying area surrounding the Pearl River estuary where the Pearl River flows into the South China Sea. The township population in Guangdong Province grew from 6.88 million in 1985 to 40.80 million in 1990, almost a sixfold increase. In 2019, the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Pearl River Delta in mainland China grew by 6.4 percent. Huizhou is known for its West Lake scenery. In fact, just prior to the handover from the United Kingdom to China, the city’s economic output was equal to a quarter of China’s entire GDP. Japan and the U.S. are by far the largest importers, collectively accounting for more than two-thirds of China’s rare earth metals exports. This study aims to clarify how the relationship of metals and metalloids to human populations influences their source characterization and health risk, based on metal concentrations in 298 soil samples in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) and the corresponding zip-code level population. Hong Kong is no longer a separate entity, and its GDP represents a mere 3% of China’s. In the two decades after Deng Xiaoping’s market reforms, the GDP of the region grow by more than 10x and urbanization – bolstered by large-scale infrastructure projects – began in earnest. Although the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses only 0.4 percent of the land area and only 3.2 percent of the 2000 Census population of mainland China, it accounted for 8.7 percent of GDP, 35.8 percent of total trade, and 29.2 percent of utilised foreign capital in 2001. 340 cities (40.4%) from upper-middle-income countries (e.g. • Reducing PM 2.5 should be a priority to effectively reduce the regional mortality. A number of factors also helped contribute to the meteoric rise of the region: proximity to Hong Kong’s financial sector, a world-class seaport, a huge and inexpensive labor pool, cheap and abundant land, and few regulatory impediments to rapidly growing companies. The Pearl River Delta is one of the most developed urban agglomerations in China, with an area of 56,000 km 2, a population of 57.15 million, and a GDP of 53,060.48 billion yuan in 2013. Based on previous studies, a better value of a more representative algebraic model for the Regional Density Function is revealed by fitting curves. The human population is both an emitter and receptor of metals. Megalopolis at the Gates Also known as rare earth elements or simply “rare earths”, this group of 17 elements is critical to a number of wide-ranging industries. Lanthanum, found in hybrid vehicles and smartphones, was China’s largest rare earth export by volume, followed by cerium. Overall, the result of the urbanization policy in the Pearl River Delta has been a rapid population growth rate for small towns, whereas the populations of big cities such as Guangzhou have increased much less rapidly. 4.1.1 Main destinations- symbols and landmarks of Hong Kong; 4.1.2 Off the beaten places of Hong Kong; 4.1.3 The Hong Kong part of your travel itinerary; 4.2 Shenzhen Discussion on population issue in sustainable development of social-economy in the Pearl River Delta. In dollar terms, terbium was the most expensive—generating $57.9 million from just 115 metric tons of exports. With a database of 1.3 billion pictures that can be matched to a face on a CCTV camera in seconds, troublemaking citizens can easily be identified. The local government plans to develop a harbour industrial zone with heavy industries such as petrochemical and machinery industries. Marine biologist, Lindsay Porter, told Macau News Agency that the Pearl River Delta population Chinese white dolphin population had an almost “instantaneous” recovery shortly after ferry routes between Macau and Hong Kong were halted due to the Covid-19 pandemic. China’s dominance in rare earths is the result of years of evolving industrial policies since the 1980s, ranging from tax rebates to export restrictions. The climate of the study area is Subtropical Monsoon Climate. In fact, just prior to the handover from the United Kingdom to China, the city’s economic output was equal to a quarter of China’s entire GDP. The Pearl River Delta population of Chinese white dolphins may be the largest identified population of the species globally, with the most recent estimate of abundance as low as 2,000 individuals (excluding estimates from the Moyang River Estuary, Yangjiang). By 2016, the Pearl River Delta accounted for 9.1% of China's GDP. Something went wrong. Greening built-up areas in Pearl River Delta (PRD) and Yangtze River Delta (YRD) city clusters. Journal of Geographical Geo-Information Science, 19, 109–112. Abstract. Accurate numbers are really tough to come by anyway, since there are regulations guiding internal migration and the Pearl River Delta is the major manufacturing hub, so lots of people live there unofficially and may not be counted. The population in this region also includes immigrants from other parts of the country and the world. However, they are administratively and politically quite different. The Pearl River Delta population of Chinese white dolphins may be the largest identified population of the species globally, with the most recent estimate of abundance as low as 2,000 individuals (excluding estimates from the Moyang River Estuary, Yangjiang). 2020 Mar;64(3):501-512. doi: 10.1007/s00484-019-01837-4. * Indicates this city has already occurred above. Split from Guangming & Gongming Subdistrict, Merged into Chengdong & Chengxi Subdistrict. It was famous for its. Huizhou is the most eastern city in the Pearl River Delta region. Does America View Its Trade Relationships as Fair? Zhaoqing is the most western city in the Pearl River Delta region. Its GDP, at more than $1.2 trillion, is bigger than that of Indonesia. The ubiquity of surveillance cameras can be unnerving to some, as they represent diminishing privacy. However, there are also those that feel the presence of cameras creates added safety. (In 2010, Tokyo had a population of about 32 million people and covered about 5,600 square kilometers.) Today, the situation is markedly different. Dongguan borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the north, Huizhou to the northeast, Shenzhen to the south, and the Pearl River to the west. Which cities have the most CCTV cameras? To detect the content of 12 heavy metals in blood and hair sample from a general population of Pearl River Delta area, and to analyze the influence of duration of residence, gender, age, smoking and drinking on the heavy metal content. For example, the Chinese city of Taiyuan has roughly 120 cameras per every thousand people and yet the city has a higher crime index than most. In 1998, the official population estimate for the Pearl River Delta was 29 million (Statistical Bureau of Guangdong, 2002), up from 8 million in 1970 (Indian National Science Academy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and U.S. National Academy of Sciences, 2001). The urban areas are gray in this image. 1,2, Fang Liu 1,*, Zengxiang Zhang 1 1. Rich Culture and great Living Environment The urban agglomeration of cities, built along the Pearl River estuary, is officially called Pearl River Delta. Int J Biometeorol. The increased population offset the health benefits from PM 2.5 decline. The 2010/2011 State of the World Cities report, published by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, estimates the population of the delta region at 120 million people; it is rapidly urbanising. China and India are the countries with the highest densities of CCTV surveillance cameras in urban areas. The Chinese capital has the highest number of CCTV cameras in total, at just over 1.1 million installed in the city. By January 10, 2003, when Landsat 7 took this image, the Pearl River Delta was a densely populated urban corridor with several large cities. 4.1 Hong Kong. Economically and linguistically, the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau — located on opposite sides of the mouth of the Pearl — are very much part of the PRD. The explosive growth the Pearl River Delta has upended the regional balance of power. Given email address is already subscribed, thank you! By 2015, according to World Bank figures, it had become the world's largest urban area in both size and population. In January 2018, stagnant winds caused pollution to accumulate over the Pearl River Delta, leading the local authorities to encourage people to stay indoors to avoid serious health effects. The largest greening BUAs are Pearl River Delta (PRD)(Note 3), Tokyo, Yangtze River Delta (YRD, Note 4), Miami, Beijing, Chicago, Seoul, Tianjin, Sao Paulo, and Osaka. The 12 urban clusters saw their share of China’s total population rise from 61.12% to 63.07% during the period from 2006 to 2015, for an increase of 1.95 percentage points. However, they are administratively and politically quite different. In the late 1970s, the fertile river delta to the north of Hong Kong’s territory was primarily agricultural land. Abstract. Although deposits of rare earth metals exist all over the world, the majority of both mining and refining occurs in China. But mining is merely one piece of the puzzle. In 2018, cities in the highest quarter of greenness range accommodated only 12% of the total city population; about 69% of the total population lived in areas with a lower greenness. The mean annual temperature ranges from 1.6 C in winter to 36.7 C in summer, and mean On the brighter side, the increase in prices led to an influx of capital in the rare earth mining industry, financing more than 200 projects outside China. This map reveals the top surveillance cities worldwide in terms of the prevalence of CCTV cameras. From smartphones and electric vehicles to x-rays and guided-missiles, several modern technologies wouldn’t be what they are without rare earth metals. The Pearl River Delta (PRD) megalopolis is one of the largest and fastest growing urban regions in the world. A 2015 report concluded that, if taken as a single urban area, the zone is the largest such area in the world in both area and population. Chinese white dolphins in the Pearl River Delta are in crisis. Although the cities in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) in China are amongst the world’s cities most exposed to flooding due to climate change, surprisingly little is done to address this problem. The mean annual temperature ranges from 1.6 C in winter to 36.7 C in summer, and mean Which Countries are Mapping the Ocean Floor? Residents from Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other nearby cities, as well as people from Hong Kong and Macau, are known to visit the city on weekend getaways and excursions. As we close in on one billion CCTV surveillance cameras globally by the end of 2021, we will undoubtedly continue to be monitored well into the future. Hong Kong Island was first occupied by British forces in 1841, and then formally ceded from China under the. One legacy of this period is a historic waterfront district lined with buildings in the treaty port style. The Pearl River Delta Economic Zone encompasses nearly 7000 square kilometers, 0.07 percent of China, with a population of 22 million people, 3.1 percent of the 2010 population of mainland China. Urbanization rate keeps increasing in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) after China's reform and open-up policy in 1979. Severe air pollution in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of southern China has increased attention of both the scientific community and policy makers. It is well known for being a regional tourist hub, a medium-sized provincial "college town" as well as an up-and-coming manufacturing center. Pearl River Delta (includes Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Macao, Hong Kong, and a bunch of other less well known but high population cities/districts), has anywhere between 60-120 million people (multiple estimates, apparently, this is about 3 or 6 metro NYCs) in an area the size a … Authors: … It has a total population of about 72 million (five percent of China’s total population). Visualizing the Biggest Threats to Earth’s Biodiversity, How News Media is Describing the Incident at the U.S. Capitol, Ranked: The Most Valuable Nation Brands in 2020, Decoding U.S. Election Day in 9 Key Charts, View a high resolution version of this graphic. A very unique demographic blending is taking place in the area with a particularly young, dynamic and open to the world population. In order to reduce dependence on China, the U.S. and Japan have made it a priority to diversify their sources of rare earth metals. The report further indicates that the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Jing-Jin-Ji area account for over 40% of China’s national economic output. • Reducing PM 2.5 should be a priority to effectively reduce the regional mortality. Megapolis at the gates. A large number of people have moved to the region due to the availability of jobs which can be attributed to the robust economy. The Pearl River Delta (or PRD) is in Guangdong province, China.It is a bustling region with massive manufacturing and trade. To put the scale of this population clustering into perspective, here are the populations of cities within the Pearl River Delta in 2020 compared with modern-day metropolitan areas in North America and Europe: Today, this compact region has a GDP equivalent to that of South Korea. Although it covers only 1% of China’s territory and makes up 4.3% of its population, the Pearl River Delta is the biggest economic hub in the country. Sisi Yu. To the north is … In 2008, the Chinese government unleashed a plan to merge the Pearl River Delta’s nine cities – consisting of Shenzhen, Dongguan and Huizhou … To put the scale of this population clustering into perspective, here are the populations of cities within the Pearl River Delta in 2020 compared with modern-day metropolitan areas in North America and Europe: Image: Visual Capitalist Today, this compact region has a GDP equivalent to that of South Korea. It is also home to the world's largest shopping mall. Since then, the Pearl River Delta area has become an unavoidable aspect of China rocketing economy: one-third of all exported goods from China are made in the Delta which represents only 1% of China total surface area. World Population Growth Visualized (1950-2100). The terrain is tilted from north to south, and the total area of the study area is 1985.3 km2. The above graphic from CSIS China Power Project tracks China’s exports of rare earth metals in 2019, providing a glimpse of the country’s dominating presence in the global supply chain. Google Scholar In 1979, the Chinese government – led by Deng Xiaoping – created four Special Economic Zones (SEZ) with the intention of attracting foreign direct investment and encouraging private enterprise. Visualizing the Human Impact on the Earth’s Surface. MONITORING POPULATION EVOLUTION IN THE PEARL RIVER DELTA FROM 2000 TO 2010. Join the 220,000+ subscribers who receive our daily email, 50 Years of Gaming History, by Revenue Stream (1970-2020). Creating a Pearl River Delta Megapolis, The Growth Story of the 21st Century by Dan Steinbock 02/17/2010 In Southern China, the Pearl River Delta is giving rise to an urban super-power in the first rank. While this exploration boom was short-lived, it was successful in kick-starting production in other parts of the world. PEARL RIVER DELTA Connectivity between the cities of China’s Pearl River Delta is key to economic development. Equally important to note is that the Pearl River Delta is one of the world’s most successful economies. Located in Southeastern China along the Pearl River estuary, the Pearl River Delta is highly populated and has a very high rate of urbanization. In coastal waters of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) is thought to number approximately 2500 individuals. Figure 1.Population size of the New York Bay Area urban agglomeration and the Pearl River Delta Bay Area urban agglomeration. It is one of the most densely urbanized regions in the world, and is often considered a megacity. Severe air pollution in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of southern China has increased attention of both the scientific community and policy makers. Chennai, India has 657 cameras per square kilometer, making it the number one city in the world in terms of surveillance. Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 00:25. Here’s a closer look at the world’s top 10 cities by CCTV density. Unofficial estimates of the floating population in the delta range from 10 million in 1997 (Shen, 2002) to 20 million in 2003. In fact, it only took us 79 years to go from one camera to nearly one billion of these devices.

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