Shadaab Rahemtullah's book Qur'an of the Oppressed: Liberation Theology and Gender Justice in Islam (Oxford University Press, 2017) offers a compelling comparative analysis of the works of four Muslim scholars of Islam – Asghar Ali Engineer, Farid Esack, Amina Wadud, and Asma Barlas. Allah then encourages the believers to fight His enemies, (So fight against the friends of Shaytan; ever feeble indeed is the plot of Shaytan).” [3]. For the oppressed and the distressed person the response to his supplication becomes more forceful and likely due to the complete and perfect emptying of the heart for Allah the Exalted. Forgiving is a high rank which the callers to Islam should possess as it is a rank that only those with a high status attain, and they are the ones whom people take as examples to follow. Along the same lines, one should not supplicate against the one who wronged him with that which would neither yield benefit to him nor help him retrieve his rights that were taken; it is better for him to simply supplicate to Allah for his rights being returned. : 4.74 - 4:75 Islam allows war in self-defense (Quran 22:39), to defend Islam (rather than to spread it), to protect those who have been removed from their homes by force because they are Muslims (Quran 22:40), and to protect the innocent who are being oppressed (Quran 4:75). Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The camp of Satan is to spread evil, corruption, and misery on earth. Allah in these verses has impressed on the Muslims that trial is the touchstone by which the pure and the impure are judged. He badmouthed me while you were sitting there! But then when fighting was ordained for them, at once a party of them feared men as they fear God or with [even] greater fear. When Hajjaj became dominant, he oppressed the good and the bad. The problem of war as such arises from the principles of ideological statehood postulated in verse 59 of this surah. All rights reserved. May Allah protect Women in all cases. 4:71 The verse says to Muslims 1400 years ago to take precaution to either go in small groups or go all together. Ibraheem said: “The believers hated anyone to humiliate them, but whenever they had the chance to take revenge, they would forgive instead.”. The verse refers to hypocrites or the internal enemies of Islam and mentions their two prominent traits. The wronged person has the choice to avenge, to supplicate against the one who wronged him, to persevere and wait until Allah returns his right for him in the Hereafter, or to forgive. About Hajjaj ibn Yusuf ath-Thaqafi, Imam Ali (AS) has said: “Beware! Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds [i.e., people]. The term hidhr connotes not merely an effort to guard oneself against imminent danger but also the making of all necessary preparations with regard to (in this context) military organization, equipment, etc. If we fail to fulfill their rights, then we have surrendered our fate to their supplication. 3. The permissibility of the oppressed taking what was taken from him by his oppressor if he finds it: It is permissible for the oppressed to do this, and it is also permissible for him to take something of the same value of the oppressor’s property, but he may not go beyond that. Muslims must live in accordance with Islam in the Constitution of Medina. But the Quran in no way condones abusive behavior from any person, especially not to a vulnerable person such as a child. 632A. The words also mean, what is the matter with you that you fight not. First: Taking revenging from the oppressor. O' people! In other words, the “power” of the negative principle symbolized by Satan has no intrinsic reality (“Satan’s guile is weak indeed”): it becomes real only through man’s wilfully choosing a wrong course of action. The verse refers to a class of men who show eagerness to fight when they are told not to fight, but when the actual time for fighting arrives, they refuse to fight or try to avoid it by various pretexts, thus showing that their former eagerness for fighting was either insincere or was due to temporary excitement. 632A. “God commands justice and fair dealing…” [Quran, 16:90] In this verse, Allah directly commands Muslims to be just and deal fairly – as believers, we must consistently be aware that these values are an integral part of our faith. From the verse it hints that there was imminent danger for such verse to be revealed telling them to go in small groups, or all together. Narrated Anas: Allah's Apostle said, "Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one. Change ). This is why Allah said, (whose cry is: “Our Lord! 4:74 So let those fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter. If only You had postponed [it for] us for a short time.” Say, The enjoyment of this world is little, and the Hereafter is better for he who fears God. 90 Thus the Qur’an implies that “evil” is not an independent, esoteric factor of life, but rather a result of man’s succumbing to the temptations arising from his own moral weakness and thereby “denying the truth”. 4:71 O you who have believed, take your precaution and [either] go forth in companies or go forth all together. Bible: Child Marriage in Ancient Israelite times – Paedophilia? The one who is oppressed must stand up for his rights, speak out, and seek assistance. 4:72 And indeed, there is among you he who lingers behind; and if disaster strikes you, he says,” Allah has favored me in that I was not present with them.”. Second: Forgiveness on the part of the oppressed. In Quran 4:75 we have explicit statement that the fighting in God’s cause was in defence of the persecuted, men, women and children who have been oppressed by tyrants just for their beliefs. 632. Our true religion,...More. It was the responsibility of the community to fight and help the oppressed. By Allah, a lad from the Banu Thaqeef, who is haughty and proud, shall be empowered over you. Hidhr means, caution or precaution; vigilance; guard; state of preparation; or of fear (Lane). In other words, the “power” of the negative principle symbolized by Satan has no intrinsic reality (“Satan’s guile is weak indeed”): it becomes real only through man’s wilfully choosing a wrong course of action. ( Log Out /  Uthman Ibn Affan He is Abu Abdillah, Uthman Ibn Affan Ibn al-Ash bin Umayyah Ibn Abdi Syams Ibn Abdi Manaf.His pedigree meets the pedigree of the Prophet -peace and prayer of Allah be upon him- on his fourth grandfather, Abdu Manaf. In sum, Allah will always answer the supplication of the oppressed even if the oppressed person is an unbeliever or sinner. They said, “Our Lord, why have You decreed upon us fighting? Don’t forget to follow Discover The Truth on Facebook and Twitter. Why did you become upset and leave when I answered back to some of what he had said?’ The Prophet said: “You had an angel retorting on your behalf (when you were silent), but when you began answering him back (i.e., the man), Satan arrived, and I was not going to sit in the presence of Satan.” Then he said: “O Abu Bakr! Of the great sins which Allah forbade His Servants to do and fixed a certain punishment for them in this world and in the Hereafter is oppression. We learn this both from the words of Allah mentioned in the Quran and in the messages of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of… Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, "Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one. Here we are told, questions those why shouldn’t they fight when they have been oppressed and continually persecuted? 89 Lit., “what is amiss with you that you do not fight” – implying that they have no moral excuse for such a refusal. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The verse refers to a class of men who show eagerness to fight when they are told not to fight, but when the actual time for fighting arrives, they refuse to fight or try to avoid it by various pretexts, thus showing that their former eagerness for fighting was either insincere or was due to temporary excitement. Here we are told, questions those why shouldn’t they fight when they have been oppressed and continually persecuted? The last two verses [42-43] of Chapter Ash-Shooraa' which were mentioned above and which mean: “The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannies upon the earth without right. The word extends to all kinds of precautions and preparations necessary for defence, and has been understood to include the putting on of weapons of defence. Shadaab Rahemtulla’s lucid and well-documented Qur’an of the Oppressed analyses the hermeneutical strategies employed by four modern, university-educated Muslim intellectuals—writing in English—to interpret the Qur’an, a seventh-century text, as a liberating text confronting the reality of oppression today. Indeed, the plot of Satan has ever been weak. The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannise upon the earth without right. 631. On the other hand, if the oppressed insists on revenge then this is his right and it is perfectly permissible to do so, but the revenge must be strictly limited to the extent that he was wronged. exceed the extent to which he was wronged).” This means that whatever they say to one another will all go into the record of the one who initiated, as he was the cause of all of it, but if the wronged person retaliates with more than what he was wronged with, then this is a sin on his part which the other person will not bear. The words also mean, what is the matter with you that you fight not. Al-Thubah means, a company or body of men; a distinct body or company of men; a troop of horsemen (Lane). The impure is turned aside by Allah and the pure is selected so that Allah may honour them with His favours which the sincere believers only deserve. They only fought in self-defence in order to protect their religion and save their weaker co-religionists. The verse is a clear proof of the fact that Muslims never started hostilities. 4:74 Speaks about those who fight in the cause of God for defending the persecuted, 1400 years ago, will achieve victory. [3] Tafsir Ibn Kathir http://www.alim.org/library/quran/AlQuran-tafsir/TIK/4/75, Click to access The_Message_of_The_Quran__by_Muhammad_Asad.pdf, Tagged as: Islam, KILL, Koran, Persecution, Quran, war. Those will have a painful punishment. ”. By Allah, I will take revenge for the oppressed from the oppressor and will put a string in the nose of the oppressor and drag him to the spring of … 4:77 Have you not seen those who were told, “Restrain your hands [from fighting] and establish prayer and give zakah”? And whoever is patient and forgives - indeed, that is of the matters [requiring] determination [i.e. If the wronged person is one of two wives, it is permissible for the husband to enable the wronged one to gain revenge, as the Prophet permitted, one of his wives to get back at another one who had badmouthed her. “630. In reality they feared the enemy more than God. The verse refers to hypocrites or the internal enemies of Islam and mentions their two prominent traits. Quran 4:75 And what is [the matter] with you that you fight not in the cause of Allah and [for] the oppressed among men, women, and children who say, "Our Lord, take us out of this city of oppressive people and appoint for us from Yourself a protector and appoint for us from Yourself a helper?" The one who is oppressed, but how should we help him if he is oppressor. So let those fight in the Hereafter good and the bad people generally to fight and help the.... 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