Amsterdam was the most important point for the transshipment of goods in Europe and it was the leading financial center of the world. Four fare-free GVB ferries carry pedestrians and cyclists across the IJ lake to the borough of Amsterdam-Noord, and two fare-charging ferries run east and west along the harbour. The first Ashkenazis who arrived in Amsterdam were refugees from the Khmelnytsky Uprising in Ukraine and the Thirty Years' War, which devastated much of Central Europe. This side arm took the name from the eponymous land: Amstel. [81] By 1600, its population was around 50,000. Due to its geographical location in what used to be wet peatland, Amsterdam proper is presumed to be much younger than Dutch cities like Nijmegen and Utrecht (both having a Roman origin). The boroughs are responsible for many activities that had previously been run by the central city. Restaurants range from being rather luxurious and expensive to being ordinary and affordable. The Negen Straatjes differ from other shopping districts with the presence of a large diversity of privately owned shops. The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam and the 19–20th century Defence Line of Amsterdam are on the UNESCO World Heritage List. [77] During the 1660s, Amsterdam's population reached 200,000. The A3 to Rotterdam was cancelled in 1970 in order to conserve the Groene Hart. The two main nightlife areas for tourists are the Leidseplein and the Rembrandtplein. With 180 different nationalities, Amsterdam’s population is one of the most diverse in Europe. Many famous international artists have performed there. Most are accessible by cyclists. According to the Netherlands' Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, "60% of housing stock is controlled by housing corporations. Amsterdam, the country's largest city, had a Jewish population of about 75,000, which increased to over 79,000 in 1941. The increased influx of migrants, especially since the Syrian Civil War (2011–present), has been burdensome, economically and culturally, but the government deals with citizen and migrant cases for housing equally. How is the population of Amsterdam distributed by race? Please check your download folder. Also in the 2010s, much of Amsterdam's population growth was due to immigration to the city. One of Amsterdam's busiest high streets is the narrow, medieval Kalverstraat in the heart of the city. After renovations lasting several years, the museum opened in September 2012 with a new composite extension that has been called 'The Bathtub' due to its resemblance to one. Jaarboek 2018, Department for Research and Statistics Amsterdam (OIS) Metropoolregio Amsterdam in Cijfers 2018, Metropoolregio Amsterdam Meerjarenplan Fiets 2017-2022, City of Amsterdam GVB in cijfers, GVB Top ten trolley rides, National Geographic Oplaadpunten in Amsterdam Hollandse Markten Tourism figures, OIS [167] with the survey determining London, Paris, Frankfurt and Barcelona as the four European cities surpassing Amsterdam in this regard. Meanwhile, large private organisations, such as Stadsherstel Amsterdam, were founded to restore the entire city centre. [120][121] Buildings in this neighbourhood fell into disrepair after the Second World War,[122] and a large section of the neighbourhood was demolished during the construction of the subway. The main street of this Jewish neighbourhood was the Jodenbreestraat. Together with Eindhoven (Brainport) and Rotterdam (Seaport), Amsterdam (Airport) forms the foundation of the Dutch economy. Therefore, it was governed by the central municipal council. [171], Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 5.34 million international visitors annually, this is excluding the 16 million day-trippers visiting the city every year. The city holds the Dam to Dam Run, a 16-kilometre (10 mi) race from Amsterdam to Zaandam, as well as the Amsterdam Marathon. Amsterdam is intensely urbanised, as is the Amsterdam metropolitan area surrounding the city. [80], This changed when, during the Dutch Revolt, many people from the Southern Netherlands fled to the North, especially after Antwerp fell to Spanish forces in 1585. Amsterdam is famous for its vibrant and diverse nightlife. Other shopping areas include the Negen Straatjes and Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat. Currently, there are sixteen tram routes and five metro routes. The museum is as old as the square it borders and was opened in 1895. [193] While Amsterdam was under the influence of German music in the 19th century there were few national opera productions;[citation needed] the Hollandse Opera of Amsterdam was built in 1888 for the specific purpose of promoting Dutch opera. Even then, because Amsterdam is surrounded on three sides by large bodies of water, as well as having a significant heat-island effect, nights rarely fall below −5 °C (23 °F), while it could easily be −12 °C (10 °F) in Hilversum, 25 km (16 mi) southeast. The population development of Amsterdam as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). After the war, urban renewal programs and large-scale new housing estates attempted to accommodate increasing population, rising incomes, and the inexorable growth in automobile traffic. Schools for foreign nationals in Amsterdam include the Amsterdam International Community School, British School of Amsterdam, Albert Einstein International School Amsterdam, Lycée Vincent van Gogh La Haye-Amsterdam primary campus (French school), International School of Amsterdam, and the Japanese School of Amsterdam. 20th century, although there are also some striking examples of these styles in the city centre. These streets have as the Negen Straatjes a large diversity of privately owned shops. Among these trains are international trains of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen (Amsterdam-Berlin), the Eurostar (Amsterdam-Brussels-London), Thalys (Amsterdam-Brussels-Paris/Lille), and Intercity-Express (Amsterdam–Cologne–Frankfurt).[228][229][230]. The Stopera is the home base of Dutch National Opera, Dutch National Ballet and the Holland Symfonia. [231] As of 2014[update], Schiphol was the fifth busiest airport in the world measured by international passenger numbers. Amsterdam has a total surface area of 21 949 km 2 of which 5 416 km … Therefore, the two buildings combined are often called the Stopera, (a word originally coined by protesters against it very construction: Stop the Opera[-house]). There are 8,447 male residents living in Amsterdam and 9,480 female residents. A comparative study of nine neighbourhoods undergoing physical and social economic regeneration", "Gentrification in Amsterdam: Assessing the Importance of Context", "Amsterdam is expanding, mainly due to immigration", "Amsterdam's population poised to beat 60-year-old record", "CBS StatLine – Bevolking; leeftijd, herkomstgroepering, geslacht en regio, 1 januari", "Half of young big-city dwellers have non-western background", "Bevolking naar herkomstgroepering, 1 January 2001–2006", "Wit is de 'nieuwe minderheid' in grote steden", "Bureau of Onderzoek en Statistiek: 'Geloven in Amsterdam, "Kerkelijke gezindte en kerkbezoek naar gemeenten 2010–2015", "The Architectural Origins of the Great Early Modern Urban Synagogue", "In Anne Frank's childhood neighborhood, the buildings do not forget", "New cultural quarter resurrects Amsterdam's Jewish past", "XIIIb: the apostolic letters of the most holy Lord Pius IX, by Divine Providence, pope, by which letters the episcopal hierarchy was re-established in Holland", "Valuing flexible citizenship: producing Surinamese Hindu citizens at a primary school in The Hague", "Half a century of Islamic education in Dutch schools", "Ghanaian churches in the Netherlands: Religion mediating a tense relationship", "Inwoneraantal Amsterdam blijft groeien – Gemeente Amsterdam", "Van Niftrik's plan at the Amsterdam City Archives", "Amsterdamse renaissance in de stijl van Hendrick de Keyser", "PC Hooftstraat World's Third Nicest Shopping Street", "Photographers Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matadin's best shot", "Schouwburg | theatre, Amsterdam, Netherlands", "History of the Rijksmuseum – Organisation", "Feestelijke opening ijsbaan Museumplein", "Total number of visitors of the Rijksmuseum in the Netherlands in 2014 to 2017 (in millions)", "Historic number of visitors since the opening of Van Gogh Museum", "Amsterdams Lijflied: Stadsbewoners leven als oude wolven – AMSTERDAMS LIJFLIED – PAROOL", "ADE vorig jaar het best bezochte festival van Nederland", "FIG allocates 2023 World Gymnaestrada to Amsterdam",, "Dienst onderzoek & statistiek Amsterdam", "Stadsregio Amsterdam: English Information", "Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden", "Parkeren + Reizen (P+R) Amsterdam – I amsterdam", " – Geschiedenis Autosnelwegen in Nederland", "Ruim 10.000 parkeerplaatsen verdwijnen voor 2025", "Train to Amsterdam – London to Amsterdam – Eurostar", "Eurostar undertakes detailed planning for London – Amsterdam service", "easyJet to open Amsterdam Base in Spring 2015", "Core Numbers in Graphics: Fewer Bicycle Thefts", "The Dutch Prize Their Pedal Power, but a Sea of Bikes Swamps Their Capital", List of cities in the Netherlands by province, Institutional seats of the European Union, Krylatskoye Sports Complex Cycling Circuit, Stone Mountain Park Archery Center and Velodrome,, Populated places established in the 13th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with disputed statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Bureau Monumentenzorg en Archeologie (1300). QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Amsterdam is a place in the municipality Amsterdam in the province Noord-Holland. The typical Bruine Kroeg (brown café) breathe a more old fashioned atmosphere with dimmed lights, candles, and somewhat older clientele. [173] Hotels with 4 or 5 stars contribute 42% of the total beds available and 41% of the overnight stays in Amsterdam. Between 1900 and 1950 the population doubled from 5.1 to 10.0 million people. The Museumplein is covered almost entirely with a lawn, except for the northeastern part of the square which is covered with gravel. It is considered by critics to be a concert hall with some of the best acoustics in the world. [16] In the 19th and 20th centuries, the city expanded and many new neighbourhoods and suburbs were planned and built. However, the area around what later became Amsterdam - along the prehistoric IJ - had been settled almost three millennia ago. [191] The northwestern part of the square is bordered by the Van Gogh Museum, House of Bols Cocktail & Genever Experience and Coster Diamonds. Speed skating championships have been held on the 400-metre lane of this ice rink. In the 19th century, especially after the jubilee of 1845, the devotion was revitalised and became an important national point of reference for Dutch Catholics. Negen Straatjes are nine narrow streets within the Grachtengordel, the concentric canal system of Amsterdam. The project was controversial because its cost had exceeded its budget by a factor three by 2008,[60] because of fears of damage to buildings in the centre, and because construction had to be halted and restarted multiple times. Each year in October, the city hosts the Amsterdam Dance Event (ADE) which is one of the leading electronic music conferences and one of the biggest club festivals for electronic music in the world, attracting over 350,000 visitors each year. In 2019, the total population of the Netherlands … These companies acquired overseas possessions that later became Dutch colonies. A man-made forest, Amsterdamse Bos, is in the southwest. The old city centre is the focal point of all the architectural styles before the end of the 19th century. This roughly coincided with Amsterdam's Golden Age. Amsterdam's prosperity declined during the 18th and early 19th centuries. [140] The proportion of the population of immigrant origin in the city proper is about 50%[141] and 88% of the population are Dutch citizens. [198] The Van Gogh museum is the second most visited museum in Amsterdam, not far behind the Rijksmuseum in terms of the number of visits, being approximately 2.1 million in 2016,[199] for example. Amsterdam, NY is home to a population of 17.9k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. It is governed by a directly elected municipal council, a municipal executive board and a mayor. On the east side of town, there is a small theatre in a converted bathhouse, the Badhuistheater. The Netherlands has a population of 17.1 million people and about a quarter of those (4.25 million) cycle every day. [144] In the early 17th century, when immigration was at a peak, a comprehensive plan was developed that was based on four concentric half-circles of canals with their ends emerging at the IJ bay. Many citizens travelled to the countryside to forage. Other more subcultural music venues are OCCII, OT301, De Nieuwe Anita, Winston Kingdom, and Zaal 100. Amsterdam is an area in Montgomery County,New York with a population of 17,927. On 1 January 1921, after a flood in 1916, the depleted municipalities of Durgerdam, Holysloot, Zunderdorp and Schellingwoude, all lying north of Amsterdam, were, at their own request, annexed to the city. [70][71] [166] The city also has various colleges ranging from art and design to politics and economics which are mostly also available for students coming from other countries. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on [138], Amsterdam experienced an influx of religions and cultures after the Second World War. Many of its buildings have become monuments, and in July 2010 the Grachtengordel (the three concentric canals: Herengracht, Keizersgracht, and Prinsengracht) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The stadium Johan Cruyff Arena is the home of Ajax. These buildings were built according to the principles of the architect Hendrick de Keyser. The biggest Montessori high school in Amsterdam is the Montessori Lyceum Amsterdam. Its collection consists of nearly one million objects. It excludes Graft-De Rijp. Over time, a total of 15 boroughs were created. It lies to the east of Damrak and contains the city's famous red-light district. [95] Amsterdam's population is expected to top its previous high in 2019, reaching 873,000. In the 21st century, this has reduced to about 5000. Cuypers. In the following centuries, the land was used for parks, senior citizens' homes, theatres, other public facilities, and waterways without much planning. This neighbourhood has become a famous attraction for tourists. With 180 different nationalities,[139] Amsterdam is home to one of the widest varieties of nationalities of any city in the world. Published by Statista Research Department, Mar 4, 2020 Amsterdam is the largest city in the Netherlands, with a population amounting to nearly 863,000 inhabitants. Amsterdam city, New York. Next to the Van Gogh museum stands the Stedelijk Museum. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. The museum is housed in one of the few modern buildings in this area of Amsterdam. Amsterdam is a Census-designated place in Gallatin County, Montana, with a population of 184. Amsterdam's high-end shops are found in the streets P.C. In May 2010, under a major reform, the number of Amsterdam boroughs was reduced to eight: Amsterdam-Centrum covering the city centre including the canal belt, Amsterdam-Noord consisting of the neighbourhoods north of the IJ lake, Amsterdam-Oost in the east, Amsterdam-Zuid in the south, Amsterdam-West in the west, Amsterdam Nieuw-West in the far west, Amsterdam Zuidoost in the southeast, and Westpoort covering the Port of Amsterdam area. In the park is an open-air theatre, a playground and several horeca facilities. In 2012, Ziggo Dome was opened, also near Amsterdam Arena, a state-of-the-art indoor music arena. They have their own theatre at Leidseplein. The architect of the gothic revival building was P.J.H. [87] By the second half of the 19th century, industrialisation spurred renewed growth. Regional buses, and some suburban buses, are operated by Connexxion and EBS. The population density in Amsterdam is 645% higher than New York; The median age in Amsterdam is 4% lower than New York; In Amsterdam 74.35% of the population is White; In Amsterdam 4.44% of the population is Black; In Amsterdam 0.55% of the population is Asian There are over 200 primary schools in Amsterdam. In August 1664, four English warships arrived in the … Amsterdam is known as one of the gay capitals of the world.In 2001, the Netherlands were the first country to allow same sex marriages. 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